Stephen M. Carmel is senior vice president, Maritime Services, at Maersk Line, Limited (MLL), responsible for all technical and operating activities. He previously held positions in operations and finance for US Marine Management, Inc., and Maersk Line, Limited. Steve began his career sailing as a deck officer and master, primarily on tankers. Carmel graduated from the US Merchant Marine Academy in 1979. He also holds an MA in economics and an MBA from Old Dominion University. Steve is currently a PhD candidate in international studies with an emphasis in international political economy and second emphasis in conflict. He is a certified management accountant and is certified in financial management. Steve’s research and publishing interests are in maritime security, trade and conflict, and Arctic regional issues.